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Ontario: Census 2016: Housing Conditions

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Geography:Ontario
Account:Income, Consumption and Leisure
Information:Census 2016: Housing Conditions
Data Source:Compiled by the Community Accounts Unit based on information provided from the Census of Population 2016, Statistics Canada.
Copyright:Newfoundland & Labrador Statistics Agency, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

Based on Census 25% sample data.

Figures may not add to total due to random rounding.

a 'Movable dwelling' includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats, recreational vehicles and railroad cars.

b The household includes a single couple (without children). Other persons related or unrelated to the couple may also be present.

c The household includes either a couple with children or a lone parent and his or her children. Other persons related or unrelated to the census family may also be present.

d 'Bedrooms' refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as bachelor or studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

e 'Rooms' refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year-round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining-room and living-room arrangements).

f Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

g Includes data up to May 10, 2016.

h Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable re-modelling or additions.

i Refers to the proportion of average total income of household which is spent on shelter costs.

Housing suitability
Refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the NOS.

Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.
Housing tenure
Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling. The private dwelling may be situated on rented or leased land or be part of a condominium. A household is considered to own their dwelling if some member of the household owns the dwelling even if it is not fully paid for, for example if there is a mortgage or some other claim on it. A household is considered to rent their dwelling if no member of the household owns the dwelling. A household is considered to rent that dwelling even if the dwelling is provided without cash rent or at a reduced rent, or if the dwelling is part of a cooperative.

For historical and statutory reasons, shelter occupancy on Indian reserves or settlements does not lend itself to the usual classification by standard tenure categories. Therefore, a special category, band housing, has been created and is included in the classification of tenure.
Household maintainer
A person residing in the household who is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making any such payments, the first person listed is selected by default.
Period of construction
Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed. This refers to the period in which the building was completed, not the time of any later remodelling, additions or conversions.
Private dwelling occupied by usual residents
Refers to a private dwelling in which a person or a group of persons is permanently residing. Also included are private dwellings whose usual residents are temporarily absent on May 10, 2016.
Household size
Refers to the number of persons in a private household.
Household size
Refers to the number of persons in a private household.
Private dwelling
Refers to a separate set of living quarters with a private entrance either from outside the building or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway inside the building. The entrance to the dwelling must be one that can be used without passing through the living quarters of some other person or group of persons.
Structural type of dwelling
Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.
Condominium status
Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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      2016

    Total private dwellings5,598,391
     
    Private dwellings occupied by usual residents5,169,174
     
    Structural type of dwelling
    Single-detached house2,807,380
    Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys886,705
    Other attached dwelling1,460,200
    Semi-detached house289,975
    Row house460,425
    Apartment or flat in a duplex176,080
    Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys522,810
    Other single-attached house10,910
    Movable dwellinga14,890
     
    Household size
    1 person1,341,300
    2 persons1,693,525
    3 persons834,260
    4 persons796,320
    5 or more persons503,775
     
    Number of persons in private households13,242,160
     
    Average household size2.6
     
    Household type
    One-census-family households3,481,885
    Without children in a census familyb1,311,575
    With children in a census familyc2,170,315
    Multiple-census-family households145,615
    Non-census-family households1,541,665
    One-person households1,341,305
    Two-or-more person non-census-family households200,365
     
    Household tenure
    Owner3,601,825
    Renter1,559,720
    Band Housing7,635
     
    Condominium status
    Condominium680,495
    Not condominium4,488,680
     
    Number of bedroomsd
    No bedrooms33,950
    1 bedroom699,980
    2 bedrooms1,122,145
    3 bedrooms1,876,905
    4 or more bedrooms1,436,185
     
    Number of roomse
    1 to 4 rooms1,369,660
    5 rooms718,020
    6 rooms770,730
    7 rooms713,595
    8 or more rooms1,597,165
     
    Average number of rooms per dwellingf6
     
    Number of persons per room
    One person or fewer per room5,046,810
    More than 1 person per room122,360
     
    Housing suitability
    Suitable4,858,170
    Not suitable311,005
     
    Period of construction
    1960 or before1,293,135
    1961 to 19801,449,585
    1981 to 1990709,135
    1991 to 2000622,565
    2001 to 2005396,130
    2006 to 2010368,235
    2011 to 2016g330,390
     
    Dwelling conditionh
    Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed4,851,335
    Major repairs needed317,840
     
    Household maintainers
     
    Number of household maintainers
    1 household maintainer2,962,065
    2 household maintainers2,059,710
    3 or more household maintainers147,400
     
    Age of primary household maintainers
    15 to 24 years135,835
    25 to 34 years681,685
    35 to 44 years880,070
    45 to 54 years1,113,885
    55 to 64 years1,047,185
    65 to 74 years738,445
    75 to 84 years414,210
    85 years and over157,860
     
    Housing affordabilityi
    Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs3,694,385
    Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs1,411,900
    30% to less than 100%1,208,010

    Notes:

    Based on Census 25% sample data.

    Figures may not add to total due to random rounding.

    a 'Movable dwelling' includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats, recreational vehicles and railroad cars.

    b The household includes a single couple (without children). Other persons related or unrelated to the couple may also be present.

    c The household includes either a couple with children or a lone parent and his or her children. Other persons related or unrelated to the census family may also be present.

    d 'Bedrooms' refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as bachelor or studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

    e 'Rooms' refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year-round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining-room and living-room arrangements).

    f Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

    g Includes data up to May 10, 2016.

    h Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable re-modelling or additions.

    i Refers to the proportion of average total income of household which is spent on shelter costs.

    Source: Compiled by the Community Accounts Unit based on information provided from the Census of Population 2016, Statistics Canada.

    Copyright: Newfoundland & Labrador Statistics Agency
    Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

    Data last updated on December 5, 2017

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