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Ontario: Federal Statute Violations Rate per 100,000

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Geography:Ontario
Account:Community Safety and Social Vitality
Information:Federal Statute Violations Rate per 100,000
Selected Data Type: Rate per 100,000 population based on Actual Incidents
Data Source:Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Special Tabulations, 2006 to 2015.
Copyright:Newfoundland & Labrador Statistics Agency, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

Data on incidents that come to the attention of police are captured and forwarded to the CCJS according to a nationally approved set of common scoring rules and definitions.  The reader should note however, that many factors could influence official crime statistics.  These include:  reporting by the public to the police; reporting by police to the CCJS; and the impact of new intiative such as changes in legislation, policies or enforcement polices.

Year-over-year comparisons should be made with caution as many non-criminally related factors can affect data from one year to another (openings, closures or reorganizations of police departments, redistribution of municipalities serviced among different police departments, significant population increases etc.).

The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Survey produces a continuous historical record of crime and traffic statistics reported by every police agency in Canada since 1962.  In 1988, a new version of the survey was created, UCR2, and is since referred to as the "incident-based" survey, in which microdata on characteristics of incidents, victims and accused are captured.  For more information please click here.

Statistics Canada information is used with the permission of Statistics Canada.  Users are forbidden to copy the data and redisseminate them, in an original or modified form, for commercial purposes, without the expressed permission of Statistics Canada.  Information on the availability of the wide range of data from Statistics Canada can be obtained from Statistics Canada's Regional Offices, it's Web site at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/  and it's toll-free access number 1-800-263-1136.

Part of the 2007 increase in crime in St. Johns, NL and Saint John, NB can be attributed to changes in police reporting practices rather than actual increases in criminal activity. This would affect the provincial totals in New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador.

The "adult" age group includes those age 18 and over, and the "youth" age group includes offenders under 18. Although the youth crime rates are calculated using the age 12-17 population, there may be a small number of offenders under 12 years of age included in the data.

Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada
The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics (CCSJ), in cooperation with the policing community, collects police reported crime statistics through the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR). The UCR was developed to measure the incidence of crime in Canadian society and its characteristics. It can represent both the survey instrument itself or the aggregate form of the UCR data.
Incident
The basis for counting reported crime in the UCR Survey. An incident is a set of connected events that usually make up a reported occurrence. The reported incident is used in conjunction with Most Serious Offence (MSO).
Most Serious Offence (MSO)
Classifies an incident according to the most serious offence committed during the incident. In categorizing incidents, violent offences always take precedence over non-violent offences. Offences are then sorted according to maximum sentence under the Criminal Code of Canada.
Actual Incidents
When a crime is reported to the police, the incident is recorded as a “reported” incident. Police then conduct a preliminary investigation to determine the validity. Occasionally crimes reported to the police prove to be unfounded. Unfounded incidents are subtracted from the number of incidents to produce the number of “actual incidents.”
Cleared by Charge
When a police investigation leads to the identification of a suspect, an “information” is laid against that person (i.e., the person is charged).
Cleared Otherwise
In some cases police cannot lay an information even if they have identified a suspect and have enough to support the laying of an information. Examples include diplomatic immunity, instances when then the complainant declines to proceed with charges, or cases when the accused dies.
Persons Charged
Includes the number of people charged (not the number of charges laid) or recommended for charges by the police. A person who is simultaneously charged with more than one offence is counted according to the most serious incident, even if the offences occurred in more than one incident. In addition, persons may be counted more than once throughout the year; that is, individuals are counted on each occasion they are charged by the police. Note: In some cases a criminal incident may be solved months or even years after it was reported to the police. For this reason it is possible for the number of cases cleared to be different than the total reported actual incidents (Statistics Canada, 2004)
Youth
Refer to those aged 12-17 (inclusive).

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  • Change Data Type
    Rate per 100,000 population based on Actual Incidents
    Rate per 100,000 Population Age 12-17 Based on Total Youth Charged
    Rate per 100,000 Population Age 12 and over Based on Total Persons Charged
    Rate per 100,000 Population Age 18 and over Based on Total Adults Charged

   
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total Federal Statute Violations323.21 321.45 322.11 308.54 321.92 320.09 319.70 276.80 258.57 234.39
Total drug violations244.99 244.46 246.10 234.89 248.33 254.92 246.85 232.40 221.18 198.53
Possession, Cannabis112.82 116.45 122.93 120.12 131.69 143.81 136.63 128.96 126.37 107.69
Possession, Cocaine31.42 30.80 26.75 17.76 17.22 17.63 17.86 16.36 15.81 15.84
Total, Possession, Other Controlled Drugs and Substances Act Drugs22.21 20.68 20.14 20.33 23.28 23.63 24.60 24.18 26.66 28.45
Total Cannabis, Trafficking, Production or Distribution32.29 30.41 31.79 33.11 34.78 30.56 29.14 25.45 19.26 15.25
Total Cocaine, Trafficking, Production or Distribution27.67 28.28 28.21 24.14 21.43 20.06 20.33 18.92 16.79 16.26
Total Other Controlled Drugs and Substances Act Drugs, Trafficking, Production or Distribution18.58 17.83 16.28 19.43 19.93 19.19 18.23 18.43 16.19 14.93
Youth Criminal Justice Act34.55 35.33 33.08 37.71 34.16 29.31 30.14 16.99 13.05 10.87
Total Other Federal Statutes43.68 41.66 42.93 35.94 39.44 35.87 42.72 27.41 24.35 24.99
Bankruptcy Act0.17 0.15 0.16 0.12 0.10 0.24 0.26 0.07 0.15 0.09
Income Tax Act0.14 0.13 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.01 0.03
Canada Shipping Act9.07 8.46 8.62 9.11 9.91 9.49 7.51 8.04 7.42 7.56
Canada Health Act0.02 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.01
Customs Act0.64 0.53 0.50 0.49 0.49 0.72 0.78 0.75 0.39 0.46
Competition Act0.02 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Excise Act3.63 3.86 6.49 6.82 5.89 3.31 3.09 1.91 1.11 0.78
Immigration & Refugee Protection Act7.88 6.70 6.68 1.42 0.82 2.54 3.50 3.03 2.49 2.63
Firearms Act1.03 0.80 0.90 1.38 2.81 1.49 0.93 0.70 0.56 0.49
National Defense Act.. .. 0.02 0.01 .. 0.02 .. .. 0.01 0.01
Other Federal Statutes21.06 21.00 19.41 16.48 19.31 17.98 26.59 12.86 12.17 12.93

Notes:

Data on incidents that come to the attention of police are captured and forwarded to the CCJS according to a nationally approved set of common scoring rules and definitions.  The reader should note however, that many factors could influence official crime statistics.  These include:  reporting by the public to the police; reporting by police to the CCJS; and the impact of new intiative such as changes in legislation, policies or enforcement polices.

Year-over-year comparisons should be made with caution as many non-criminally related factors can affect data from one year to another (openings, closures or reorganizations of police departments, redistribution of municipalities serviced among different police departments, significant population increases etc.).

The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Survey produces a continuous historical record of crime and traffic statistics reported by every police agency in Canada since 1962.  In 1988, a new version of the survey was created, UCR2, and is since referred to as the "incident-based" survey, in which microdata on characteristics of incidents, victims and accused are captured.  For more information please click here.

Statistics Canada information is used with the permission of Statistics Canada.  Users are forbidden to copy the data and redisseminate them, in an original or modified form, for commercial purposes, without the expressed permission of Statistics Canada.  Information on the availability of the wide range of data from Statistics Canada can be obtained from Statistics Canada's Regional Offices, it's Web site at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/  and it's toll-free access number 1-800-263-1136.

Part of the 2007 increase in crime in St. Johns, NL and Saint John, NB can be attributed to changes in police reporting practices rather than actual increases in criminal activity. This would affect the provincial totals in New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador.

The "adult" age group includes those age 18 and over, and the "youth" age group includes offenders under 18. Although the youth crime rates are calculated using the age 12-17 population, there may be a small number of offenders under 12 years of age included in the data.

Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Special Tabulations, 2006 to 2015.

Copyright: Newfoundland & Labrador Statistics Agency
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

Data last updated on August 18, 2017

An initiative of Northern Policy Institute
Developed by the Newfoundland and Labrador Statistics Agency
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