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Ontario: Federal Statute Violations

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Geography:Ontario
Account:Community Safety and Social Vitality
Information:Federal Statute Violations
Selected Data Type: Actual incidents
Years: 2010 to 2015
Data Source:Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Special Tabulations, 2006 to 2015.
Copyright:Newfoundland & Labrador Statistics Agency, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

Data on incidents that come to the attention of police are captured and forwarded to the CCJS according to a nationally approved set of common scoring rules and definitions.  The reader should note however, that many factors could influence official crime statistics.  These include:  reporting by the public to the police; reporting by police to the CCJS; and the impact of new intiative such as changes in legislation, policies or enforcement polices.

Year-over-year comparisons should be made with caution as many non-criminally related factors can affect data from one year to another (openings, closures or reorganizations of police departments, redistribution of municipalities serviced among different police departments, significant population increases etc.).

The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Survey produces a continuous historical record of crime and traffic statistics reported by every police agency in Canada since 1962.  In 1988, a new version of the survey was created, UCR2, and is since referred to as the "incident-based" survey, in which microdata on characteristics of incidents, victims and accused are captured.  For more information please click here.

Statistics Canada information is used with the permission of Statistics Canada.  Users are forbidden to copy the data and redisseminate them, in an original or modified form, for commercial purposes, without the expressed permission of Statistics Canada.  Information on the availability of the wide range of data from Statistics Canada can be obtained from Statistics Canada's Regional Offices, it's Web site at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/  and it's toll-free access number 1-800-263-1136.

The "adult" age group includes those age 18 and over, and the "youth" age group includes offenders under 18. Although almost all youth offenders are aged 12-17, there may be a small number of offenders under 12 years of age included in the data.

Figures may not add to total due to random rounding.

Most Serious Offence (MSO)
Classifies an incident according to the most serious offence committed during the incident. In categorizing incidents, violent offences always take precedence over non-violent offences. Offences are then sorted according to maximum sentence under the Criminal Code of Canada.
Persons Charged
Includes the number of people charged (not the number of charges laid) or recommended for charges by the police. A person who is simultaneously charged with more than one offence is counted according to the most serious incident, even if the offences occurred in more than one incident. In addition, persons may be counted more than once throughout the year; that is, individuals are counted on each occasion they are charged by the police. Note: In some cases a criminal incident may be solved months or even years after it was reported to the police. For this reason it is possible for the number of cases cleared to be different than the total reported actual incidents (Statistics Canada, 2004)
Incident
The basis for counting reported crime in the UCR Survey. An incident is a set of connected events that usually make up a reported occurrence. The reported incident is used in conjunction with Most Serious Offence (MSO).
Cleared by Charge
When a police investigation leads to the identification of a suspect, an “information” is laid against that person (i.e., the person is charged).
Youth
Refer to those aged 12-17 (inclusive).
Actual Incidents
When a crime is reported to the police, the incident is recorded as a “reported” incident. Police then conduct a preliminary investigation to determine the validity. Occasionally crimes reported to the police prove to be unfounded. Unfounded incidents are subtracted from the number of incidents to produce the number of “actual incidents.”
Cleared Otherwise
In some cases police cannot lay an information even if they have identified a suspect and have enough to support the laying of an information. Examples include diplomatic immunity, instances when then the complainant declines to proceed with charges, or cases when the accused dies.
Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada
The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics (CCSJ), in cooperation with the policing community, collects police reported crime statistics through the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR). The UCR was developed to measure the incidence of crime in Canadian society and its characteristics. It can represent both the survey instrument itself or the aggregate form of the UCR data.

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  • Change Data Type
    Actual incidents
    Total, persons charged
    Total, adult charged
    Total, youth charged
    Total cleared

 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total Federal Statute Violations42,285 42,455 42,870 37,510 35,365 32,325
Total Drug Violations32,620 33,810 33,100 31,490 30,250 27,380
Posession, Cannabis17,295 19,075 18,320 17,475 17,285 14,850
Possession, Cocaine2,260 2,340 2,395 2,215 2,165 2,185
Total, Possession, Other Controlled Drugs and Substances Act Drugs3,060 3,135 3,300 3,275 3,645 3,925
Total Cannabis, Trafficking, Production or Distribution4,570 4,055 3,910 3,450 2,635 2,105
Total Cocaine, Trafficking, Production or Distribution2,815 2,660 2,725 2,565 2,295 2,245
Total Other Controlled Drugs and Substances Act Drugs, Trafficking, Production or Distribution2,620 2,545 2,445 2,495 2,215 2,060
Youth Criminal Justice Act4,485 3,885 4,040 2,300 1,785 1,500
Total Other Federal Statutes5,180 4,755 5,730 3,715 3,330 3,445
Bankruptcy Act15 30 35 10 20 10
Income Tax Act10 10 5 5 .. 5
Canada Shipping Act1,300 1,260 1,005 1,090 1,015 1,040
Canada Health Act5 .. 5 5 .. ..
Customs Act65 95 105 100 55 65
Competition Act.. .. .. .. .. ..
Excise Act775 440 415 260 150 110
Immigration & Refugee Protection Act110 335 470 410 340 365
Firearms Act370 200 125 95 75 65
National Defense Act.. .. .. .. .. ..
Other Federal Statutes2,535 2,385 3,565 1,740 1,665 1,785

Notes:

Data on incidents that come to the attention of police are captured and forwarded to the CCJS according to a nationally approved set of common scoring rules and definitions.  The reader should note however, that many factors could influence official crime statistics.  These include:  reporting by the public to the police; reporting by police to the CCJS; and the impact of new intiative such as changes in legislation, policies or enforcement polices.

Year-over-year comparisons should be made with caution as many non-criminally related factors can affect data from one year to another (openings, closures or reorganizations of police departments, redistribution of municipalities serviced among different police departments, significant population increases etc.).

The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Survey produces a continuous historical record of crime and traffic statistics reported by every police agency in Canada since 1962.  In 1988, a new version of the survey was created, UCR2, and is since referred to as the "incident-based" survey, in which microdata on characteristics of incidents, victims and accused are captured.  For more information please click here.

Statistics Canada information is used with the permission of Statistics Canada.  Users are forbidden to copy the data and redisseminate them, in an original or modified form, for commercial purposes, without the expressed permission of Statistics Canada.  Information on the availability of the wide range of data from Statistics Canada can be obtained from Statistics Canada's Regional Offices, it's Web site at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/  and it's toll-free access number 1-800-263-1136.

The "adult" age group includes those age 18 and over, and the "youth" age group includes offenders under 18. Although almost all youth offenders are aged 12-17, there may be a small number of offenders under 12 years of age included in the data.

Figures may not add to total due to random rounding.

Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Special Tabulations, 2006 to 2015.

Copyright: Newfoundland & Labrador Statistics Agency
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

Data last updated on August 16, 2017

An initiative of Northern Policy Institute
Developed by the Newfoundland and Labrador Statistics Agency
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