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Ontario: Criminal Code Traffic Violations

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Geography:Ontario
Account:Community Safety and Social Vitality
Information:Criminal Code Traffic Violations
Selected Data Type: Actual incidents
Years: 2010 to 2015
Data Source:Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Special Tabulations, 2006 to 2015.
Copyright:Newfoundland & Labrador Statistics Agency, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

Data on incidents that come to the attention of police are captured and forwarded to the CCJS according to a nationally approved set of common scoring rules and definitions.  The reader should note however, that many factors could influence official crime statistics.  These include:  reporting by the public to the police; reporting by police to the CCJS; and the impact of new intiative such as changes in legislation, policies or enforcement polices.

Year-over-year comparisons should be made with caution as many non-criminally related factors can affect data from one year to another (openings, closures or reorganizations of police departments, redistribution of municipalities serviced among different police departments, significant population increases etc.).

The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Survey produces a continuous historical record of crime and traffic statistics reported by every police agency in Canada since 1962.  In 1988, a new version of the survey was created, UCR2, and is since referred to as the "incident-based" survey, in which microdata on characteristics of incidents, victims and accused are captured.  For more information please click here.

Statistics Canada information is used with the permission of Statistics Canada.  Users are forbidden to copy the data and redisseminate them, in an original or modified form, for commercial purposes, without the expressed permission of Statistics Canada.  Information on the availability of the wide range of data from Statistics Canada can be obtained from Statistics Canada's Regional Offices, it's Web site at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/  and it's toll-free access number 1-800-263-1136.

Part of the 2007 increase in crime in St. Johns, NL and Saint John, NB can be attributed to changes in police reporting practices rather than actual increases in criminal activity. This would affect the provincial totals in New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador.

Data for Youth Charged with Impaired Driving are not available prior to 2007. As a result, comparisons of Total all violations and Total Criminal Code violations (including traffic) over time should be made with caution.

In 2011, the introduction of the Immediate Roadside Prohibition (IRP) in British Columbia provided an alternative method for officers to proceed with penalties for impaired drivers and may account for the trends reported for 2011 and 2012.

Count data for criminal code traffic violations in the 12-17 (youth) age group has been suppressed at the national level in 2006 due to data quality issues.

The "adult" age group includes those age 18 and over, and the "youth" age group includes offenders under 18. Although almost all youth offenders are aged 12-17, there may be a small number of offenders under 12 years of age included in the data.

Figures may not add to total due to random rounding.

Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada
The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics (CCSJ), in cooperation with the policing community, collects police reported crime statistics through the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR). The UCR was developed to measure the incidence of crime in Canadian society and its characteristics. It can represent both the survey instrument itself or the aggregate form of the UCR data.
Most Serious Offence (MSO)
Classifies an incident according to the most serious offence committed during the incident. In categorizing incidents, violent offences always take precedence over non-violent offences. Offences are then sorted according to maximum sentence under the Criminal Code of Canada.
Actual Incidents
When a crime is reported to the police, the incident is recorded as a “reported” incident. Police then conduct a preliminary investigation to determine the validity. Occasionally crimes reported to the police prove to be unfounded. Unfounded incidents are subtracted from the number of incidents to produce the number of “actual incidents.”
Cleared by Charge
When a police investigation leads to the identification of a suspect, an “information” is laid against that person (i.e., the person is charged).
Cleared Otherwise
In some cases police cannot lay an information even if they have identified a suspect and have enough to support the laying of an information. Examples include diplomatic immunity, instances when then the complainant declines to proceed with charges, or cases when the accused dies.
Persons Charged
Includes the number of people charged (not the number of charges laid) or recommended for charges by the police. A person who is simultaneously charged with more than one offence is counted according to the most serious incident, even if the offences occurred in more than one incident. In addition, persons may be counted more than once throughout the year; that is, individuals are counted on each occasion they are charged by the police. Note: In some cases a criminal incident may be solved months or even years after it was reported to the police. For this reason it is possible for the number of cases cleared to be different than the total reported actual incidents (Statistics Canada, 2004)
Youth
Refer to those aged 12-17 (inclusive).
Traffic Incidents
Involve traffic violations that include death or bodily harm.
Other Criminal Code incidents
Involve other criminal code incidents that are not classified as either violent, property or traffic.
Incident
The basis for counting reported crime in the UCR Survey. An incident is a set of connected events that usually make up a reported occurrence. The reported incident is used in conjunction with Most Serious Offence (MSO).
Violent Incidents
Involve the application, or threat of application, of force to a person.
Property Incidents
Involve acts with the intent of gaining property but do not involve the use, or threat, of violence against a person.

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    Actual incidents
    Total, adult charged
    Total, persons charged
    Total, youth charged
    Total cleared

 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total Criminal Code Traffic Violations32,820 33,015 32,225 31,395 28,910 28,870
Total Impaired Driving17,270 17,230 17,195 15,820 15,160 15,280
Impaired Operation, Causing Death25 20 25 20 20 25
Impaired Operation, Causing Bodily Harm90 100 90 80 95 85
Impaired Operation of Motor Vehicle, Vessel or Aircraft15,685 15,710 15,765 14,460 13,940 14,005
Impaired Operation (Drugs) Vehicle, Vessel or Aircraft345 320 295 335 355 430
Impaired Operation, Failure to Provide Breath Sample1,090 1,060 1,000 895 685 655
Failure to Comply or Refusal (Drugs)5 5 10 5 5 10
Impaired Operation, Failure to Provide Blood Sample20 10 5 25 45 70
Failure to Provide Blood Sample (Drugs).. .. 5 5 5 5
Total Other Criminal Code Traffic Violations15,550 15,785 15,030 15,575 13,750 13,590
Dangerous Operation, Causing Death25 20 10 15 20 25
Dangerous Operation, Causing Bodily Harm145 115 135 115 120 115
Dangerous Operation of Motor Vehicle, Vessel or Aircraft2,355 2,250 2,305 2,115 2,015 2,170
Dangerous Operation Evading Police, Causing Death.. .. .. .. .. ..
Dangerous Operation Evading Police, Causing Bodily Harm10 5 5 10 5 5
Dangerous Operation of Motor Vehicle Evading Police415 370 405 380 345 410
Failure to Stop or Remain10,515 10,925 10,325 11,130 9,450 9,140
Driving While Prohibited1,880 1,935 1,665 1,675 1,625 1,565
Other Criminal Code Traffic Violations165 125 140 110 135 120
Causing Bodily Harm by Criminal Negligence While Street Racing.. .. .. .. .. ..
Dangerous Operation Causing Death While Street Racing.. .. .. .. .. ..
Dangerous Operation Causing Bodily Harm While Street Racing5 .. 5 .. .. ..
Dangerous Operation of Motor Vehicle While Street Racing30 35 35 25 35 35

Notes:

Data on incidents that come to the attention of police are captured and forwarded to the CCJS according to a nationally approved set of common scoring rules and definitions.  The reader should note however, that many factors could influence official crime statistics.  These include:  reporting by the public to the police; reporting by police to the CCJS; and the impact of new intiative such as changes in legislation, policies or enforcement polices.

Year-over-year comparisons should be made with caution as many non-criminally related factors can affect data from one year to another (openings, closures or reorganizations of police departments, redistribution of municipalities serviced among different police departments, significant population increases etc.).

The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Survey produces a continuous historical record of crime and traffic statistics reported by every police agency in Canada since 1962.  In 1988, a new version of the survey was created, UCR2, and is since referred to as the "incident-based" survey, in which microdata on characteristics of incidents, victims and accused are captured.  For more information please click here.

Statistics Canada information is used with the permission of Statistics Canada.  Users are forbidden to copy the data and redisseminate them, in an original or modified form, for commercial purposes, without the expressed permission of Statistics Canada.  Information on the availability of the wide range of data from Statistics Canada can be obtained from Statistics Canada's Regional Offices, it's Web site at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/  and it's toll-free access number 1-800-263-1136.

Part of the 2007 increase in crime in St. Johns, NL and Saint John, NB can be attributed to changes in police reporting practices rather than actual increases in criminal activity. This would affect the provincial totals in New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador.

Data for Youth Charged with Impaired Driving are not available prior to 2007. As a result, comparisons of Total all violations and Total Criminal Code violations (including traffic) over time should be made with caution.

In 2011, the introduction of the Immediate Roadside Prohibition (IRP) in British Columbia provided an alternative method for officers to proceed with penalties for impaired drivers and may account for the trends reported for 2011 and 2012.

Count data for criminal code traffic violations in the 12-17 (youth) age group has been suppressed at the national level in 2006 due to data quality issues.

The "adult" age group includes those age 18 and over, and the "youth" age group includes offenders under 18. Although almost all youth offenders are aged 12-17, there may be a small number of offenders under 12 years of age included in the data.

Figures may not add to total due to random rounding.

Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Special Tabulations, 2006 to 2015.

Copyright: Newfoundland & Labrador Statistics Agency
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

Data last updated on August 16, 2017

An initiative of Northern Policy Institute
Developed by the Newfoundland and Labrador Statistics Agency
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