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Ontario: Sources of Income by Gender, 2010-2015

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Geography:Ontario
Account:Income, Consumption and Leisure
Information:Sources of Income by Gender, 2010-2015
Selected Gender: Total
Data Source:Compiled by the Community Accounts Unit, based on Canada Customs and Revenue Agency summary information as provided by Income Statistics Division, Statistics Canada.
Copyright:Newfoundland & Labrador Statistics Agency, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

a Not available for 2010 and 2011.

b Not available for gender breakdowns.

c Starting in 1999, only RRSP income of persons aged 65 years or older is included.

d There are a number of provincial tax credits for Ontario that were only included for 2010 and 2011, which explains a drop in the numbers for 2012. They include the Ontario Energy and Property Tax Credit; Ontario Sales Tax Credit; Northern Ontario Energy Credit; and Ontario Sales Tax Transition Credit.

e Other government transfers was introduced in 2010 and only included the Working Income Tax Benefit (WITB) at that time. Although the WITB program was introduced a few years back by the government (reference year 2007), it had not been included on its own or in any total income or government transfer income variables. In 2015 the Children’s Fitness Tax Credit was also included under other government transfers because it became a refundable credit. In previous years, this credit was a non-refundable tax credit and therefore only had an impact on net federal tax.

Total Income
Note: This variable has been revised over the years, as reflected in the comments below; data users who plan to compare current data to data from previous years should bear in mind these changes. Also, it should be noted that all income amounts are gross, with the exception of rental income, limited partnership income and all forms of self-employment income.

Income reported by taxfilers from any of the following sources:

  • Labour force income
  • Employment income
  • Wages/salaries/commissions
  • Other employment income as reported on line 104 of the tax form (tips, gratuities, royalties, etc.)
  • Net self-employment
  • Employment Insurance benefits
  • Pension income
  • Old Age Security/Net Federal Supplements (including guaranteed income supplements and spouses' allowances since 1994)
  • Canada/Quebec Pension Plan
  • Working Income Tax Benefit (beginning in 2010)
  • Superannuation and other (private) pensions
  • Family Allowance benefits (up to and including 1992)
        Quebec family allowance (beginning with 1994)
        British Columbia family bonus (beginning with 1996)
  • Family allowance for New Brunswick and Alberta (beginning with 1997)
  • Interest and other investment income
  • Dividend income
  • RRSP income (since 1994; previously in "other income")
  • Net limited partnership income (included in "other income")
  • Alimony (included in "other income")
  • Net rental income (included in "other income")
  • Income for non-filing spouses (since 1992; included in "other income")
  • Other incomes as reported on line 130 of the tax form (fellowships, bursaries, grants, etc.; included in "other income")
  • FST credit (for 1989-1990 inclusive)
  • GST credit (beginning in 1990)
  • HST credit (beginning in 1997)
  • Child tax credit (up to and including 1992)
  • Child tax benefit (starting with 1993)
  • Other non-taxable income (since 1990)
  • Workers' compensation payments (shown separately starting with 1994)
  • Social assistance payments (shown separately starting with 1994)
  • Guaranteed income supplements (included with OAS since 1994)
  • Spouses' allowances (included with OAS since 1994)
  • Provincial refundable tax credits in Ontario, Quebec and Manitoba (since 1990), British Columbia and the Northwest Territories (since 1993); Quebec family allowances (since 1994); British Columbia family bonus (since 1996), New Brunswick and Alberta family allowance (since 1997).

Monies not included in income above are: veterans' disability and dependent pensioners' payments, war veterans' allowances, lottery winnings and capital gains.
Employment Income
Refers to the total reported employment income. Employment income includes wages and salaries, commissions from employment, training allowances, tips and gratuities, and self-employment income (net income from business, profession, farming, fishing and commissions).
Wages, Salaries, and Commissions
These include employment pay and commissions as stated on T4 information slips, training allowances, tips and gratuities.
Self-Employment Income
This is net income from business, profession, commission, farming and fishing.
Fishing and Farming Self-Employment Income
Refers to the net income from fishing and farming.
Other Self-Employment Income
This is net income from business, profession and commission (i.e. other than fishing and farming).
Investment Income
This includes both interest income and dividend income.
RRSP Income
This is withdrawals from an RRSP investment.
Private Pensions
These include pension benefits (superannuation and private pensions) other than Old Age Security and Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits.
Other Income
This includes net rental income, alimony, income from a limited partnership, retiring allowances, scholarships, amounts received through a supplementary unemployment benefit plan (guaranteed annual income plan), payments from income-averaging annuity contracts, as well as all other taxable income not included elsewhere. Beginning with the 1992 data, this variable also includes the imputed income of imputed spouses, as derived from the tax return of the filing spouse. See also "Total Income".
Total Market Incomes
This is income from: employment income, investment income, dividend income, interest income, RRSP income, private pensions and other income (net rental income, alimony, income from a limited partnership, retiring allowances, scholarships, amounts received through a supplementary unemployment benefit plan (guaranteed annual income plan), payments from income-averaging annuity contracts, as well as all other taxable income not included elsewhere. Beginning with the 1992 data, this variable also includes the imputed income of imputed spouses, as derived from the tax return of the filing spouse.
Old Age Security
This is part of the Old Age Security program, a federal government program that guarantees a degree of financial security to Canadian seniors. All persons in Canada aged 65 or older, who are Canadian citizens or legal residents, may qualify for a full OAS pension, depending on their years of residence in Canada after reaching age 18. Old Age Security benefits include all benefits reported for the reference year (excluding Guaranteed Income Supplements and Spousal Allowance benefits; see also "Net Federal Supplements" and "Non-taxable Income").
Canada Pension Plan
Refers to the compulsory contributory social insurance plans that protect workers and their families against loss of income due to retirement, disability or death. Canada Pension Plan and Quebec Pension Plan benefits include all benefits reported for the reference year.
Child Tax Benefit
This is a system that replaces (beginning with the 1993 data year) the previous Family Allowance program, the non-refundable child deduction and the refundable Child Tax Credit. It is an income supplement for individuals who have at least one qualified dependent child. The Child Tax Benefit is also based on the individual's family income and the number of dependent children.
GST credit
This includes all amounts received through this program. In 1990, the Goods and Services Tax Credit began replacing the Federal Sales Tax (FST) Credit. By 1991, the FST Credit no longer existed.

In Newfoundland, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, provincial sales tax have been harmonized with the Goods and Services Tax (GST) since 1997. For this reason, the federal GST credit is now known as the GST/HST credit.
Employment Insurance (Income Transfer Source, previously Unemployment Insurance)
This comprises all types of benefits paid to individuals under this program, regardless of reason, including regular benefits for unemployment, fishing, job creation, maternity, parental/adoption, retirement, self-employment, sickness, training and work sharing.
Workers' Compensation
This includes any compensation received under Workers' Compensation in respect of an injury, disability or death. This value is reported on line 144 of the personal income tax return. Information on Workers' Compensation is available as a distinct income source starting with the 1994 data; previously included in "Non-taxable Income".
Taxfilers and Dependents
This represents an estimate of the total population as derived from the taxfile. Included here are taxfilers, their non-filing spouses and their children; the latter can be filing or non-filing children. Spouses and children can be identified by the information on a taxfiler's return or from the child tax benefits file.
Taxfilers
Most taxfilers are people who filed a tax return for the reference year and were alive at the end of the year. Starting with the 1993 tax year, those taxfilers who died within the tax year and who indicated a non-filing spouse had their income and their filing status attributed to the spouse.
Income Support Assistance (Income Transfer Source)
This includes payments made in the year on the basis of a means, needs or income test (whether made by an organized charity or under a government program). The value is reported on line 145 of the personal income tax return. Available only since 1994 (previously included in "Non-taxable Income").
Provincial Refundable Tax Credits
Non-taxable income refers to the amounts included in a taxfiler's income when applying for refundable tax credits, but not included in the calculation of taxable income; these amounts include Workers' Compensation payments, Net Federal Supplements received (Guaranteed Income Supplements and/or Spouse's Allowance), and social assistance payments. Beginning with the 1994 data, information is available separately for Net Federal Supplements, Workers' Compensation and social assistance. Provincial tax credits are a refundable credit paid to individuals by the province in which he/she resided as of December 31 of the taxation year. See also "Provincial refundable tax credits".
Non-Taxable Income/Provincial (Refundable) Tax Credits
Serve to reduce the tax burden; unlike non-refundable tax credits, all amounts are paid to the taxfiler. Among these refundable tax credits are the Federal Sales Tax (FST) credit (for 1989 and 1990), the Goods and Services Tax (GST) credit (beginning in 1990), the Harmonized Sates Tax (HST) credit (beginning in 1997) and provincial refundable tax credits (beginning in 1990). Included are the refundable provincial tax credits received by taxfilers in Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec (since 1990), British Columbia and the Northwest Territories (since 1993), Quebec family allowances (beginning with 1994), British Columbia family bonus (beginning with 1996) and New Brunswick and Alberta family allowances (beginning in 1997).
Working Income Tax Benefit (WITB)
The working income tax benefit (WITB) is a refundable tax credit intended to provide tax relief for eligible working low-income individuals and families who are already in the workforce and to encourage other Canadians to enter the workforce.

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  • Change Gender
    Total
    Male
    Female

   
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total income
Amount ($,000)408,096,295 424,962,230 436,465,410 448,680,880 467,211,055 492,844,480
Number reporting9,627,930 9,741,870 9,743,420 9,867,280 10,083,520 10,157,280
 
Median income $29,500 $30,300 $31,300 $31,800 $32,400 $33,800
 
Labour force income
Amount ($,000)303,220,800 315,432,720 322,104,085 328,604,635 341,452,120 355,513,620
Number reporting7,046,230 7,138,070 7,163,330 7,223,380 7,324,110 7,414,070
 
Taxfilers and Dependents12,593,440 12,707,860 12,796,300 12,912,940 13,040,270 13,170,010
 
Taxfilersa.. .. 9,908,300 10,035,570 10,171,270 10,292,850
 
Market and Other Incomes
 
Employment income
Amount ($,000)297,297,685 310,294,300 317,162,470 323,670,295 336,411,805 350,333,905
Number reporting6,967,760 7,075,720 7,110,470 7,171,860 7,276,320 7,368,510
Contribution of total income72.8% 73.0% 72.7% 72.1% 72.0% 71.1%
Wages, salaries, and commissions
Amount ($,000)276,564,820 289,635,810 296,553,135 304,602,705 316,153,980 329,754,520
Number reporting6,332,790 6,436,800 6,472,780 6,531,300 6,635,040 6,735,710
Contribution of total income67.8% 68.2% 67.9% 67.9% 67.7% 66.9%
Self-employment income
Amount ($,000)20,732,865 20,658,490 20,609,335 19,067,590 20,257,825 20,579,385
Number reporting1,115,730 1,138,400 1,133,060 1,133,720 1,143,090 1,138,420
Contribution of total income5.1% 4.9% 4.7% 4.2% 4.3% 4.2%
Fishing and farming self-employment incomeb
Amount ($,000)273,275 367,380 424,825 412,790 327,915 316,590
Number reporting65,740 65,000 63,950 62,690 61,970 60,990
Contribution of total income0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Other self-employment incomeb
Amount ($,000)20,459,590 20,291,105 20,184,510 18,654,805 19,929,910 20,262,800
Number reporting873,750 897,200 896,370 900,220 911,640 911,110
Contribution of total income5.0% 4.8% 4.6% 4.2% 4.3% 4.1%
 
Investment income
Amount ($,000)18,831,200 20,866,750 22,473,150 24,359,780 24,830,430 29,048,110
Number reporting3,038,500 3,053,830 3,037,420 3,060,850 3,066,470 2,983,010
Contribution of total income4.6% 4.9% 5.1% 5.4% 5.3% 5.9%
 
RRSP incomec
Amount ($,000)1,323,285 1,424,130 1,482,815 1,567,060 1,683,095 1,756,195
Number reporting163,620 165,210 166,420 168,180 170,160 172,560
Contribution of total income0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.4% 0.4%
 
Private pensions
Amount ($,000)29,337,370 30,826,740 32,171,355 33,971,665 36,015,545 37,872,065
Number reporting1,414,930 1,447,160 1,482,300 1,520,500 1,558,080 1,594,120
Contribution of total income7.2% 7.3% 7.4% 7.6% 7.7% 7.7%
 
Other income
Amount ($,000)10,038,850 9,740,990 10,567,670 10,572,175 11,467,785 12,744,570
Number reporting2,014,520 1,930,250 1,936,680 1,966,740 1,956,910 1,961,900
Contribution of total income2.5% 2.3% 2.4% 2.4% 2.5% 2.6%
 
Total market incomes
Amount ($,000)356,828,385 373,152,910 383,857,455 394,140,975 410,408,665 431,754,845
Contribution of total income87.4% 87.8% 87.9% 87.8% 87.8% 87.6%
 
Transfer Payments
 
Old Age Security/Net federal supplements
Amount ($,000)12,513,275 13,286,815 14,188,665 14,876,430 15,519,130 16,323,940
Number reporting1,734,640 1,796,700 1,870,180 1,933,900 1,993,610 2,041,710
Contribution of total income3.1% 3.1% 3.3% 3.3% 3.3% 3.3%
 
Canada Pension Plan
Amount ($,000)14,806,740 15,520,115 16,541,215 17,446,625 18,121,285 19,034,410
Number reporting2,153,440 2,220,350 2,309,450 2,378,080 2,444,050 2,525,230
Contribution of total income3.6% 3.7% 3.8% 3.9% 3.9% 3.9%
 
Child Tax Benefit
Amount ($,000)4,833,150 4,923,135 5,010,090 5,090,495 5,105,495 6,857,685
Number reporting1,451,920 1,452,540 1,438,220 1,430,640 1,420,150 1,696,770
Contribution of total income1.2% 1.2% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.4%
 
GST credit
Amount ($,000)1,297,520 1,308,880 1,340,895 1,395,985 1,430,600 1,534,935
Number reporting3,324,580 3,356,870 3,395,870 3,453,130 3,394,760 3,673,950
Contribution of total income0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3%
 
Employment Insurance
Amount ($,000)5,923,115 5,138,420 4,941,615 4,934,340 5,040,315 5,179,715
Number reporting898,600 797,850 759,640 734,480 729,360 733,910
Contribution of total income1.5% 1.2% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1%
 
Workers' Compensation
Amount ($,000)2,215,385 2,134,195 2,011,705 1,908,915 1,838,145 1,799,205
Number reporting227,910 220,200 211,840 203,260 198,740 192,370
Contribution of total income0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4%
 
Income Support Assistance
Amount ($,000)4,534,315 4,589,620 4,681,350 4,872,345 5,060,000 5,238,585
Number reporting606,390 615,640 612,370 658,120 660,680 667,000
Contribution of total income1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1%
 
Provincial tax creditsd
Amount ($,000)4,691,385 4,429,985 3,401,370 3,511,470 4,189,340 4,534,810
Number reporting6,436,910 6,323,330 3,983,300 4,009,690 4,421,230 4,693,630
Contribution of total income1.1% 1.0% 0.8% 0.8% 0.9% 0.9%
 
Other government transferse
Amount ($,000)453,025 478,155 491,050 503,305 498,080 586,350
Number reporting597,150 613,270 613,860 617,100 608,500 1,228,420
Contribution of total income0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
 
Total transfer incomes
Amount ($,000)51,267,910 51,809,320 52,607,955 54,539,905 56,802,390 61,089,635
Number reporting8,031,850 8,001,290 6,815,460 6,896,840 7,242,300 7,499,650
Contribution of total income12.6% 12.2% 12.1% 12.2% 12.2% 12.4%
 
Total transfer incomes per capita$4,100 $4,100 $4,100 $4,200 $4,400 $4,600
Provincial index100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Canadian index100.4 99.8 97.7 98.4 99.2 98.5

Notes:

a Not available for 2010 and 2011.

b Not available for gender breakdowns.

c Starting in 1999, only RRSP income of persons aged 65 years or older is included.

d There are a number of provincial tax credits for Ontario that were only included for 2010 and 2011, which explains a drop in the numbers for 2012. They include the Ontario Energy and Property Tax Credit; Ontario Sales Tax Credit; Northern Ontario Energy Credit; and Ontario Sales Tax Transition Credit.

e Other government transfers was introduced in 2010 and only included the Working Income Tax Benefit (WITB) at that time. Although the WITB program was introduced a few years back by the government (reference year 2007), it had not been included on its own or in any total income or government transfer income variables. In 2015 the Children’s Fitness Tax Credit was also included under other government transfers because it became a refundable credit. In previous years, this credit was a non-refundable tax credit and therefore only had an impact on net federal tax.

Source: Compiled by the Community Accounts Unit, based on Canada Customs and Revenue Agency summary information as provided by Income Statistics Division, Statistics Canada.

Copyright: Newfoundland & Labrador Statistics Agency
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

Data last updated on January 17, 2017

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